Thời gian gần đây, IELTS Writing thường đưa ra những chủ đề khó và lạ. Có thể nói “Driveless Cars” là một chủ đề khá mới mẻ trong IELTS Writing Task 2. Chủ đề này sẽ gây khó khăn cho các IELTS learners bởi vì chúng ta thiếu ideas, cũng như từ vựng để viết. Dưới đây, Home English xin gợi ý một bài viết mẫu về chủ đề “Driveless Cars”.
1. Đề bài
“Scientists predict that in the future cars will be driven by computers. What are the reasons behind this? Is it a positive or negative development?”
It is predicted by many tech experts that autonomous cars would be viable in a not-too-distant future. The advent of unmanned automobiles can be attributed to a whole host of factors, and this development would confer tremendous benefits on both individual and societal levels.
- viable (adj): khả thi
- not-too-distant future: tương lai không xa
- tremendous (adj): to lớn / tốt đẹp
3. Body 1:
The reasons why self-driving cars will soon become a reality are manifold. One of the key rationales is that given mankind’s relentless pursuit of convenience, the introduction of this form of transport seems like a natural progress. This desire is empowered by momentous technological breakthroughs in the fields of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and sensors in recent years. In fact, Tesla, a powerhouse in the automotive industry that pioneered the autopilot feature in vehicles, has successfully manufactured automated electric cars with very little human involvement. This initial success has proved that the prospect of self-driving vehicles being released and dominating highways would soon no longer be science fantasy.
- manifold (adj): nhiều
- relentless (adj): không ngừng
- sensor (n): cảm biến
- pioneere (v): tiên phong
4. Body 2
It is my belief that humanity could reap substantial benefits from driverless cars. Plenty of evidence suggests that the vast majority of road collisions involve human error as a contributory factor. Therefore, letting computers control the vehicle, which helps eliminate reckless behaviors such as driving under the influence of alcohol or speeding, would save thousands of lives every year. Increased road safety aside, those who are challenged by existing mobility models, like older or disabled travellers, may be able to enjoy significantly higher travel autonomy owing to cars with self-driving capabilities.
- reckless (adj): liều lĩnh
- eliminate (v) loại bỏ
- autonomy (n) quyền tự chủ
In conclusion, humans’ desire to achieve greater convenience and cutting-edge technologies are the main driving factors behind the inevitable emergence of driverless cars, which can be considered as a positive trend. This is because robotic automobiles, once popularized and optimized, would greatly contribute to making roads more secure and allowing more disadvantaged people to enjoy greater mobility.
- inevitable (adj): không thể tránh khỏi / tất yếu
- emergence (n) sự xuất hiện
- popularize (v) phổ biến hóa
- optimize (v) tối ưu hóa
- mobility (n) sự di chuyển
6. Lưu ý:
Xe không người lái: robotic automobiles = self-driving capabilities = driverless cars
Từ vựng tham khảo sách How to crack the IELTS Writing Test Vol.1
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